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  • What are U Beams and How to Buy U Beams

    What is a U Beam?

    hot rolled U Beam used in Construction Industry

    U Beam is a type of steel beam, which is a structural steel product with multiple uses mainly in the construction sector. U-Beams are also known as a parallel flange channel or C Beams. They typically can be welded together to form I-Beams. U Beams have a flat side with two smaller plates welded to it forming that U shape and the long flat side is typically mounted to a wall or flat surface to give support. U Beams are going to be more effective and stronger when placed vertically, but it still can be useful and strong when placed horizontally depending on the load.

    What is a U Beam Used For?

    steel structure with beam support

    U Beams are often used in construction and structural industries; they are often used in the process of building and give structure.

    U Beams can be used in just about any place that needs heavy weight support. Some of the major uses for U-Beams are:

    • Columns for support: typically mounted to another flat surface.
    • Lintels above doors
    • Beam supporting floor joists
    • Supporting main framework, walls, and roofs
    • Window and door frames
    • Automobiles
    • Manufacturing of machinery

    What is the Typical U-Beam Strength?

    Beam cross section building with U Beams

    Having the correct beam shape beam is important in having the right strength of the beams and overall structure. They are primarily placed vertically for maximum strength and support, but are also used horizontally in cross members. The U Beam is not always the best for long spans, as it is not supported as well, but it is for cross members.

    Shape of the beam

    The U Beam is also not the strongest beam shape. For example, compared to the I Beam, the U Beam is essentially half the I Beam strength, therefore it will not support as much weight. However, the U Beam can be useful depending on the needs of the project and how much weight needs to be supported.

    How to Manufacture U-Beams?

    electric arc furnace manufacture steel beams

    In factories, U-Beams are made by forcing metal through hot rollers to flatten it and then mold it into the shape of a U. There are two horizontal pieces, known as flanges, that are connected to a larger vertical piece, known as the web. These pieces are produced in the steel mill and then electric arc furnaces are used. This structural steel can either be hot-rolled or cold-rolled.

    Which Countries Manufacture Steel U-Beams?

    steel factory production line

    The main producers of Steel U-Beams are

    • China
    • United States
    • Italy
    • Japan
    • South Korea
    • Russia

    These countries have been able to create the capacity and expand their productions to produce larger quantities of steel, especially China. China’s steel imports are about 4% of all steel which shows that most of their steel comes from internal production at over 15 million metric tons. China produces about 49% of the 1.7 billion metric tons of steel produced worldwide each year and exports most of it.

    How to transport U Beams?

    U Beam steel channel U Beam shipment

    Large quantities of U Beams need cargo haulers that can handle heavy loads of steel in order to transfer them to different locations. When transporting steel beams, it is important to secure the beams to the hauler, and each other, so they do not shift and slide and make sure the weight is distributed evenly.

    Seamless steel pipes are typically exported by sea but can be transported in bundles by truck to job sites. A checking process occurs before the good is ready for export. In this process, a few things must be reviewed during packing and labeling. This may include breakage, security, excess weight, and proper identification markings. Another typical requirement for exporting is an export license.

    Where to Buy U-Beams?

    transport of U Beam secured

    You may be able to find U-Beams in small quantities in your area. But if you want to buy large quantities of U-Beams, it is preferable to import directly from the manufacturers. They can issue certifications and provide cost savings which is better than buying the steel in small quantities locally or from a distributor.

    If you require bulk quantities of this steel, you can buy U-Beams on our website.

    Here at Camasteel we have U-Beams for sale. We export worldwide, so you can contact us for a FREE quotation today via email [email protected] or send a message on WhatsApp for a fast response +86-131-2037-9271.

  • How to Buy Steel Wire Rod

    What is steel wire rod?

    Steel Wire Rod is a long piece of steel that is hot rolled and when cooled, it gets wound into a coil. There are different types of shapes such as round, square, semicircle, and hexagonal.

    • Steel wire rods are almost identical to GI or galvanized iron wires.
    • They look very similar, but different materials form steel wire rods than galvanized iron. Also, the manufacturing of each varies.
    • Billets function as a steel to produce steel wire rods.

    steel wire rod at camasteel

    How to Manufacture steel wire rod?

    Billets are considered semi-finished metal pieces. When processed further, the semi-finished pieces become valued products. There are many steps in the process of manufacturing steel wire rod including:

    steel wire rod in production
    • Billets usually come in the form of a square, circle, or rectangle which has areas below 36 sq. inches. A process called extrusion is how wire rods are produced. The billets push through a die. Then, the billets mold into the shape of the die opening.
    • The dies, which can be circular, rectangular, or square-shaped, have a typical diameter from 5 – 42 millimeters.
    • The billets are not pre-heated before going through the dies but heated as they pass within the molds.
    • At the end of the extrusion process, the semi-finished wire rods then go through a specialized winder which winds the wire rods into loose coil stacks.
    • Since the freshly wound wire rods are still hot, they are cooled using either air or a forced cooling process. The forced cooling process makes use of large fans, while the other one uses the surrounding air without the use of any cooling machine.
    • The wire rods are glowing red hot after the whole extrusion and winding process which is why accelerated cooling is more preferred, or else a lengthy amount of cooling time will be required.

    What are the main specifications for steel wire rods?

    various grade steel wire at Camasteel
    • Wire rods are produced with different grades. These grades each have their own specifications and corresponding applications. These specifications help the end-user or other manufacturers in choosing which grade of wire rods to purchase.
    • For an SAE 1008 wire rod, grades include Q195, Q215, Q235, 1006B, 1008B, 1012B, 1017B, and 1018B. The Q195, Q215, Q235 grades are used primarily in the field of construction and drawing wires.
    • The diameter sizes of each grade are as follows:

    GRADEDIAMETER (Φ)
    Q1955.5 mm - 16 mm
    Q2155.5 mm - 16 mm
    Q2355.5 mm - 16 mm
    1006B5.5 mm - 16 mm
    1008B5.5 mm - 16 mm
    1012B5.5 mm - 16 mm
    1017B5.5 mm - 16 mm
    1018B5.5 mm - 16 mm

    What are the Chemical Composition and Mechanical Properties of typical steel wire rod?

    carbon structural steel wire

    A typical steel wire rod has a chemical composition of the following:

    • Carbon
    • Manganese
    • Silicon
    • Phosphorous
    • Sulfur
    • Boron

    Its mechanical properties are as follows:

    GRADE Yield Strength Tensile Strength
    Q195 ≥195 315 - 430Mpa
    Q235 ≥235 375 - 500Mpa
    SAE1006 ≥210 210 - 370 Mpa
    SAE1008 ≥195 315 - 430Mpa

    What are the main applications of steel wire rod?

    steel wire tools application
    1. Steel wire rods have many potential applications, mainly
    • wire drawing
    • construction uses
    • tools manufacturing

    GI or galvanized iron wires are actually made from steel wire rods which have been coated by zinc in order to prevent it from corrosion and rusting.

    Steel wire rods are also used to manufacture nails and other construction materials.

    Where to Buy steel wire rod

    steel wire rod in bulk at Camasteel

    You may be able to find Steel Wire Rod in small quantities in your area. But if you want to buy large quantities of steel wire rod, it is preferable to import directly from the manufacturers. They can issue certifications and provide cost savings which is better than buying the steel in small quantities locally or from a distributor.

    If you require bulk quantities of this steel, you can buy Steel Wire Rod on our website.

    Here at Camasteel we have steel wire rod for sale. We export worldwide, so you can contact us for a FREE quotation today via email [email protected] or send a message on WhatsApp for a fast response +86-131-2037-9271.

  • How to Buy Rebar

    What is a rebar?

    • Rebar, which stands for reinforcing bar, is also known to the general public as reinforcing steel.
    • Rebar is typically what you will mostly see on establishments and buildings which as being constructed.
    • These are steel-type rods which are used to generally reinforce the foundations of a structure. It is found in any construction which uses concrete as its base foundations since rebar strengthens it.
    • Rebar acts as the bonding agent that helps keep the concrete foundations from crumbling under large stresses and loads.

    typical hot rolled rebar at Camasteel

    How is rebar manufactured?

    • The production process of rebar is very simple and requires extreme heat.
    • To make these, steel is heated down until melted and then pushed into circular openings of a certain diameter.
    • One of the distinguishing factors of rebar is that it has a “rib” design.
    • This adds to the bonding strength of the concrete and prevents it from slipping out of place.

    What materials are used in the manufacture of rebar?

    • Carbon steel is commonly the material used when making rebar.
    • Although, there are also rebar made from stainless steel, carbon fiber, glass fiber, or sometime basalt fiber.
    • Since rebar is a type of unfinished steel, it has the tendency to corrode and rust. Because of this some manufacturers of rebar coat them with epoxy or stainless steel.

    carbon steel rebar

    What are the common types of rebar for sale?

    Epoxy coated Rebar – This type is expensive and is usually used within foundations that are submerged in water, particularly saltwater. The epoxy coating protects it from any corrosion or rusting.

    Carbon Steel Rebar – This is considered the cheapest and affordable type of rebar. In terms of strength, it is up to par but since it has no protective coating, it is subjected to corrosion and rusting. Regardless of this, it is still the most commonly used in any type of construction.

    Stainless Steel Rebar–This type is used alternatively from carbon steel. Since it is stainless, it is automatically immune to rust and corrosion although they are more expensive than the epoxy-coated type.

    carbon reinforcing steel rebar

    What are the main specifications of rebar?

    • As with other construction materials used, rebar is classified into grades and sizes.
    • Rebar is available for sale in various diameters and lengths depending on the application
    • The steel type of rebar is required and has the same coefficient of thermal expansion as that of the concrete it is used with.
    • This is a very important specification that needs to be taken into account when choosing the right type of rebar. If the coefficient is different, they rebar, and concrete will expand at a different rate, which is highly dangerous and prone to the cracking of the concrete.
    • Rebar is commonly made with diameters from 6 mm to 57 mm
    various size rebar at Camasteel

    What are the Chemical Composition and Mechanical Properties of typical rebar?

    • The different types of rebar basically have the same chemical composition.
    • They consist of manganese, silicon, alloy, carbon, and many more.
    • Some type of rebar is coated with outer protection like epoxy and stainless steel.
    • Common mechanical properties of rebar are as follows:
    GRADE Yield Strength Tensile Strength Elongation
    40 ≥280 Mpa 500 Mpa 20 %
    60 ≥420 Mpa 620 Mpa 20 %
    grade 40 grade 60 rebar at Camasteel
    Construction rebar steel work reinforcement in conncrete structure of building

    What are the main applications of rebar?

    • Rebar is generally used in the field of construction to reinforce concrete structures like slabs and foundations.
    • Rebar increases the concrete’s tensile strength so that it can withstand prolonged exposure to tension and compression forces.
    • Practically every major modern construction site uses rebar for construction. You can think of rebar as the actual mold of the structures.
    steel rebar in concrete construction

    Where to Buy Rebar

    You may be able to find Rebar in small quantities in your area. But if you want to buy large quantities of Rebar, it is preferable to import directly from the manufacturers. They can issue certifications and provide cost savings which are better than buying the steel in small quantities locally or from a distributor. If you require bulk quantities of this steel, you can buy Rebar on our website.

    Here at Camasteel we have Rebar for sale. We export worldwide, so you can contact us for a FREE quotation today via email [email protected] or send a message on WhatsApp for a fast response +86-131-2037-9271.

     

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