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What are U Beams and How to Buy U Beams

What is a U Beam?

hot rolled U Beam used in Construction Industry

U Beam is a type of steel beam, which is a structural steel product with multiple uses mainly in the construction sector. U-Beams are also known as a parallel flange channel or C Beams. They typically can be welded together to form I-Beams. U Beams have a flat side with two smaller plates welded to it forming that U shape and the long flat side is typically mounted to a wall or flat surface to give support. U Beams are going to be more effective and stronger when placed vertically, but it still can be useful and strong when placed horizontally depending on the load.

What is a U Beam Used For?

steel structure with beam support

U Beams are often used in construction and structural industries; they are often used in the process of building and give structure.

U Beams can be used in just about any place that needs heavy weight support. Some of the major uses for U-Beams are:

  • Columns for support: typically mounted to another flat surface.
  • Lintels above doors
  • Beam supporting floor joists
  • Supporting main framework, walls, and roofs
  • Window and door frames
  • Automobiles
  • Manufacturing of machinery

What is the Typical U-Beam Strength?

Beam cross section building with U Beams

Having the correct beam shape beam is important in having the right strength of the beams and overall structure. They are primarily placed vertically for maximum strength and support, but are also used horizontally in cross members. The U Beam is not always the best for long spans, as it is not supported as well, but it is for cross members.

Shape of the beam

The U Beam is also not the strongest beam shape. For example, compared to the I Beam, the U Beam is essentially half the I Beam strength, therefore it will not support as much weight. However, the U Beam can be useful depending on the needs of the project and how much weight needs to be supported.

How to Manufacture U-Beams?

electric arc furnace manufacture steel beams

In factories, U-Beams are made by forcing metal through hot rollers to flatten it and then mold it into the shape of a U. There are two horizontal pieces, known as flanges, that are connected to a larger vertical piece, known as the web. These pieces are produced in the steel mill and then electric arc furnaces are used. This structural steel can either be hot-rolled or cold-rolled.

Which Countries Manufacture Steel U-Beams?

steel factory production line

The main producers of Steel U-Beams are

  • China
  • United States
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • South Korea
  • Russia

These countries have been able to create the capacity and expand their productions to produce larger quantities of steel, especially China. China’s steel imports are about 4% of all steel which shows that most of their steel comes from internal production at over 15 million metric tons. China produces about 49% of the 1.7 billion metric tons of steel produced worldwide each year and exports most of it.

How to transport U Beams?

U Beam steel channel U Beam shipment

Large quantities of U Beams need cargo haulers that can handle heavy loads of steel in order to transfer them to different locations. When transporting steel beams, it is important to secure the beams to the hauler, and each other, so they do not shift and slide and make sure the weight is distributed evenly.

Seamless steel pipes are typically exported by sea but can be transported in bundles by truck to job sites. A checking process occurs before the good is ready for export. In this process, a few things must be reviewed during packing and labeling. This may include breakage, security, excess weight, and proper identification markings. Another typical requirement for exporting is an export license.

Where to Buy U-Beams?

transport of U Beam secured

You may be able to find U-Beams in small quantities in your area. But if you want to buy large quantities of U-Beams, it is preferable to import directly from the manufacturers. They can issue certifications and provide cost savings which is better than buying the steel in small quantities locally or from a distributor.

If you require bulk quantities of this steel, you can buy U-Beams on our website.

Here at Camasteel we have U-Beams for sale. We export worldwide, so you can contact us for a FREE quotation today via email [email protected] or send a message on WhatsApp for a fast response +86-131-2037-9271.

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