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Monthly Archives: February 2021

  • What is I-Beam and How to Buy I-Beam?

    What is I-Beam?

    I-beam is a structural steel construction industry product with multiple uses. I-beam is also known as a universal beam (UB). It is a type of steel beam. Other types of steel beams are U-beam and H-beam and they differ from each other in terms of shape. I-beam has the shape of the letter I, U-beam has the shape of the letter U, and H-beam has the shape of the letter H.

    I-beam is made of structural steel and is often used in construction and civil engineering.

    What is I-Beam Used for?

    I-beam is a very useful steel product. Manufacturers use I-Beam worldwide as a unidirectional load bearer. The most popular uses of this product are in building structures and they are often used in structural steel construction industries. More uses are:

    • I-Beams play a key role as support members in structures.
    • They have to ability to withstand various kinds of loads.
    • They are most frequently used to form beams and columns in a number of dimensions.
    • They are used in the frames of buildings because they ensure a strong and supportive structure.
    • It is used in custom welding processes and metal fabrication.
    • Using I-beams saves time and money because their strength reduces the need of a large number of support structures.
    • I-beams are most efficient for unidirectional bending parallel to the web.
    • They can withstand different types of load and stresses without buckling.

    What is the typical I-Beam Strength?

    I-beam is able to support much weight because:

    • I-beam is a more efficient cross-section for a beam.
    • It is more stiff.
    • It is the only most efficient beam in unidirectional bending: up and down looking at the profile of the letter I.
    • I-beam bears the load of weight put on its flange because of its shape.
    • It bends under high stress instead of buckling. This structural quality makes it stronger than the others.

    Proper care and installation of I-beam needs to be taken into consideration in order to avoid any unwanted effects.

    How do you Manufacture I-Beam?

    In factories, I-beam is made by a hot-rolled molding method. In this method, pliable metal is forced through large rollers to flatten and mold it into the I shape. Hot rolled I-beams are made from metal that has been heated over 1000 degrees, to make it more malleable, and then rolled. Steel beam coping machines are used to make I-beams.

    Which Countries Manufacture I-Beam in Bulk?

    The main producers of I-beam are:

    • China
    • India
    • Japan
    • South Korea
    • United States

    Consumption of I-beam has increased dramatically across the world, especially in developing countries.

    How do you Transport I-Beam?

    I-beams are typically exported by sea but can be transported in bundles by truck to job sites. A thorough checking process occurs before the steel is ready for export. In this process, a few things must be reviewed during packing and labelling. This may include quantity testing, quality testing, and weight etc.

    I-beam is shipped in bundles of 1 ton.

    Where to Buy I-Beam?

    You may be able to find I-beam in small quantities in your area. But if you want to buy large quantities of I-beam, it is preferable to import directly from the manufacturers. They can issue certifications and provide cost savings which is better than buying the steel in small quantities locally or from a distributor.

    If you require bulk quantities of this steel, you can buy I-beam on our website.

    Here at Camasteel we have I-beam for sale. We export worldwide, so you can contact us for a FREE quotation today via email [email protected] or send a message on WhatsApp for a fast response +86-131-2037-9271.

  • A Definitive Buying Steel Guide: An Overview of the Global Steel Industry & How to Buy Steel

    steel production

    China has become the largest steel and iron producers in the world. They have created more capacity in order to keep up with the rising demand for steel. Steel has become very popular and essential in many industries today. China not only produces steel for their country use, but is the largest exporter of steel to many other countries around the world. China’s share in steel production continues to rise each year, as well.

    Table of Contents

    A Definitive Buying Steel Guide: An Overview of the Global Steel Industry & How to Buy Steel

    What is Steel?

    Typical steel specifications

    Advantages of Steel

    Steel Industry

    Countries that Have Steel

    How important is the steel industry?

    What is steel used for?

    What industries use the most steel?

    Which are the largest steel companies?

    How is Steel Made

    Steel mill

    Is Steel Environmentally friendly?

    Overview of Steel Products

    Raw steel vs finished products of steel

    Popular steel products

    Steel Prices

    Price of steel

    Global Steel Market

    Trading of Steel

    Steel regulation

    Regulations on buying steel

    Safety regulations in the steel industry

    China Steel Industry

    How much steel is imported from China?

    What factors caused China to expand the industrial production of iron and steel?

    Quality of Chinese steel

    How to Buy Steel from China

    China steel production

    Buy in bulk from China

    Steel Transport: Importing from China

    Top importers

    The main exporters of steel are

    Conclusion

    What is Steel?

    Iron core

    Steel is made from iron ore. Iron ores are rock and minerals from which metallic iron can be extracted. Steel was first discovered and produced in India by using a method that bonds the right amount of carbon and iron.

    Typical steel specifications

    Specifications include steel properties such as hardness, toughness, tensile strength, yield strength, corrosion, and more.

    1. Specific heat of steel – the specific heat capacity of steel is 420 J/(kg C). This can be important in the production of steel.
    2. Specific weight of steel – the specific weight of steel is about 7.8 – 7.9 kg/dm3. It is important to know the weight of the steel product being purchased. This can ensure safety and support of the steel product in its structure.
    3. Specific gravity of steel – Steel has a specific gravity of 7850 kg/dm3.
    4. Strength of steel – Tensile strength refers to measurement of force required to break the material. Yield strength refers to the measurement of force required to start bending or deforming the material.

    Advantages of Steel

    • Speed of Construction
    • Cost Savings
    • Attractive Design
    • High Strength and Durability
    • Sustainable
    • Effective and Reliable
    • Modifiable

    Steel Industry

    common steel structure

    The steel industry is continuously growing worldwide. Steel has become a staple for many projects in almost every country.

    Countries that Have Steel

    Steel is used often for various reasons in different industries, therefore there are many countries around the world who produce steel. There are still countries, though, that may not have the capacity or a large enough capacity to produce their own steel or produce enough. Therefore, importing large quantities of steel is done frequently among those countries.

    import large quantity steel

    How important is the steel industry?

    Steel production is becoming more important as more industries are using steel in various projects because of the benefits.

    What is steel used for?

    Since there are many advantages to using steel, it is a popular material to use for

    • Buildings
    • Houses
    • Tools
    • Automobiles
    • Trains
    • Ships
    • Machines
    • Appliances
    • Weapons

    steel construction design

    What industries use the most steel?

    Steel used worldwide is distributed to different sectors:

    Sector% of steel used worldwide
    Building and Infrastructure52%
    Mechanical equipment16%
    Automotive12%
    Metal products10%
    Other transport5%
    Electrical equipment3%
    Domestic appliances2%

    Which are the largest steel companies?

    Top 10 largest global steel companies are:

    • ArcelorMittal (Luxembourg) – produced 96.5 million tons of steel produced in 2020. They are the leading company in steel and mining.

    • China Baowu Group (China) -produced 67.5 million tons in 2020. This company is the second largest and focuses efforts on environmentally friendly production.

    • Nippon Steel Corporation (Japan) - produced 49.3 million tons. This company is headed in Japan, but has company bases around the world, providing steel for both large and small projects.

    • HBIS Group (China) – produced 46.9 million tons. This group has become China’s largest steel supplier for home appliances, and bridges and construction. In addition, they are China’s second largest supplier for automotive.

    • Posco (South Korea) - produced 42.9 million tons. This is the first integrated steel mill in Korea.

    • Shagang Group (China) – produced 40.7 million tons. They make sure they are using advanced technologies and equipment to be most efficient.

    • Ansteel Group (China) – produced 37.4 million tons. They focus on adjustment, reform, innovation, and strength of their steel. They strive for using the best materials and “creating better life”.

    • JFE Steel Corporation (Japan) – produced 29.2 million tons. Their vision is to “[contribute] to society with the world’s most innovative technology”. They also value creating relationships with their clients.

    • Jianlong Group (China) – produced 27.9 million tons. This company is a privately owned steel manufacturing company.

    • Shougang Group (China) – produced 27.4 million tons. This is a Chinese state-owned steel company. It is one of the oldest steel manufacturing companies in China. They do more than work with steel, such as city infrastructure, conduct minerals, real estate, and finance.

    How is Steel Made

    Steel is typically made by either using a blast furnace or an electric arc furnace. The blast furnace uses coal, ground up into a powder. The coal is cooked and turned into “coke”. The coke is then used to melt the iron ore. The electric arc furnace is a newer process. This way uses an electrical current to melt scrap steel and produce molten steel.

    Steel mill

    steel rolling mill

    Steel mills are an industrial plant for the purpose of manufacturing steel. There are various types of steel mills such as

    • Integrated steel mill
    • Specialty steel mill
    • Iron ore steel mill
    • Iron and steel scrap
    • Coke

    Is Steel Environmentally friendly?

    It is important to make sure that the environment is not negatively affected by production. At Camasteel, we strive to ensure that production follows all regulations for environmental safety. We strongly promote environmentally friendly steel production.

    Steel is a recyclable product and there has been confirmation of waste reduction in steel construction. This is mainly because steel products are tailored to the fit of a specific structure during a job. Therefore, there will be little waste of steel products if done correctly.

    electric arc furnace

    However, having eco-friendly production also depends on the technology. Blast furnace can be very polluting by dissolving carbon into iron or steel. Some modern technology, though, such as Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) have reduced polluting. Using EAF reduces carbon foot printing and is becoming more and more popular in the production of steel. Many companies are seeking a “go green” route with all of their systems.

    Overview of Steel Products

    Raw steel vs finished products of steel

    Raw steel is a product that is un-coated. This is more likely to rust. Finished products have coating on them for more protection and a cleaner look. Clear coat is a finish that still has the industrial look, but is protected by the coat that will last a very long time. Lastly, there is a zinc coat. This gives the steel a brighter and cleaner silver finish. This coating is sustainable for outdoor use.

    Popular steel products

    The most popular steel products being sold include

    • Structural Beams and Bars

    I beam
    • Piping and Tubing

    Seamless pipe

    Hot rolled steel plate

    Here at Camasteel, we are committed to helping our clients worldwide buy steel and hence are constantly updating relevant informative posts such as:

    Steel Prices

    Price of steel

    Steel prices have fluctuated over the years, but because of inflation have ultimately been increasing. The price of steel can change day by day and more drastic changes can occur in this market if there are natural disasters or demand changes.

    Global Steel Market

    Pricing of scrap steel have fluctuated. In early 2021 prices were around:

    • Copper wire = $2.66/lb
    • #1 Copper tubing = $2.50/lb
    • #2 Copper tubing = $2.35/lb
    • Insulated copper wire = $0.70/lb
    • Steel BX = $0.21/lb
    • Brass = $1.41/lb
    • Brass shells = $1.24/lb
    • Stainless steel = $0.32/lb
    • Light iron = $110/ton
    • #1 Steel = $177/ton
    • Cast iron = $183/ton
    • Shreddable steel = $166/ton

    Trading of Steel

    Primary Financial Instruments for Trading Steel:

    1. Over the counter (OTC) – this involves a private contract between the trader and the client, but not in the same format of a standard contract. This offers traders an opportunity to use options and swap products in their trading. Since this is a private contract, it involves more risk than other contract options. An OTC can be made for an agreed upon grade or quantity of steel, but some other specifications may require a futures contract.
    2. Futures Contracts – steel can be traded on the Exchange. There is a contract that is a cash-settled contract. Each contract can account for a certain amount of steel in metric tons. The price of the contract is settled between the two parties based on the difference between the purchase price and the sales price.
    3. Steel ETFs – similar to the stock market, shares can be traded on exchanged for companies that produce steel.
    4. Contract for difference (CFD) – this allows speculation on prices of shares from steel producing companies. The value of a CFD is the difference between the price of the shares when purchased and current price. CFDs are also very risky.

    Steel regulation

    Regulations on buying steel

    Most regulations are put in place when companies are importing their steel. Typically, an import license is required to import steel and an export license is required when exporting steel. The specifics may differ for each country.

    Safety regulations in the steel industry

    grinding balls tested

    Before transporting the product, it is important that the steel is inspected and tested for quality assurance. There are different types of tests depending on the product. Products may be tested for

    • Hardness
    • Tension
    • Impact
    • Corrosion and wear resistance
    • Strength

    China Steel Industry

    China’s steel industry is growing more rapidly than most other countries and is now the largest contributor to the production of steel in the world. In the 1900s, the Chinese steel industry was very small. After the wars, China was behind compared to other countries productions. It wasn’t until the late 1900s that they had a rapid growth in their economy and their steel industry increased its output. It has continued to grow since.

    steel bundle import

    How much steel is imported from China?

    China is the world’s largest steel exporter. They export to over 200 countries/territories. In the last year, China has exported over 62 million metric tons of steel products.

    What factors caused China to expand the industrial production of iron and steel?

    This industry first expanded because of the demand in agriculture for the use of tools, in addition to the demand for weapons, buildings, and bridges. As time passed, the demand for iron and steel grew and China created the capacity for more steel production.

    Quality of Chinese steel

    China is currently working hard to make sure all of the steel they produced is of high quality. It is important for these Chinese companies to focus both on quality and quantity, not just quantity and price competition. This may result in capacity limits for steel producing companies.

    How to Buy Steel from China

    China steel production

    China’s annual steel production trend for 2020:

    Buy in bulk from China

    At Camasteel, we offer many steel products that can come in different shapes and sizes to fit the needs of the client project. We supply products that can be applied to many industries for different uses.

    Steel Transport: Importing from China

    steel import containers

    Steel is typically transported by loading a truck using equipment that is safe for carrying heavy bundles of steel. It is secured properly before being shipped to its destination or a port to be shipped overseas for export.

    The most common ways to ship steel are:

    • Rail
    • Truck
    • Ship

    In different size bundles/containers such as:

    TypeFor what product?
    20 ft containersMost steel products, in bundles, can be shipped in this container
    40 ft containersLarger quantity of most bundles of steel
    Large polypropylene bagsGrinding media steel balls or other small steel products
    200-liter drum barrelsGrinding media steel balls or other small steel products
    Strapped bundlesWire coils need strapped so it doesn’t come apart during transport
    Bulk ShippingAll products sold at Camasteel can be shipped in bulk overseas

    There are restrictions on specific steel products that can be imported and exported depending on the country regulations. There also typically needs to be a certificate approval of imports and exports for companies. Lots of countries protect their country’s steel producers and so import restrictions tend to be strict.

    Top importers

    The main importers of steel are

    1. United States
    2. European Union
    3. Germany
    4. Italy
    5. Vietnam
    6. Thailand
    7. Indonesia

    The main exporters of steel are

    1. China
    2. Japan
    3. Russia
    4. South Korea
    5. Germany
    6. Turkey
    7. Italy

    Conclusion

    There is no one size fits all on how to buy steel; it depends on the needs of the client and project at hand. Are you looking for steel and would like to buy from China?

    Contact us today!

  • What is Corrugated Roofing Sheet and How to Buy Corrugated Roofing Sheet

    What is Corrugated Roofing Sheet?

    Corrugated Roofing Sheet is an industrial and architectural steel product with multiple uses. This product is also known as Corrugated Galvanized Iron. These are sheets mainly used for roofing purposes. These sheets are typically light weight and high in strength. Additionally, it is easy to install. These sheets have a pattern and usually it is a wavy pattern.

    What is Corrugated Roofing Sheet Used For?

    Corrugated Roofing Sheets are often used in the construction industry. They can be used in both wall and roofing purposes. Some of the major places this product may be used include:

    • Warehouses
    • Buildings
    • Factories
    • Garages
    • Military use
    • Sheds
    • Water tanks

    What are the benefits of Corrugated Roofing Sheets?

    There are many benefits to purchasing corrugated roofing sheets for your project, including:

    Life Span

    This steel can last over 100 years if taken care of properly. Additionally, it will not need much maintenance except possibly a fresh coat of paint which is not time consuming to address.

    Durability

    They are light weight, but very strong. The metal also has great wear resistance in different weather conditions; it can hold up very well. It will not easily rust or rot. They are also leak-proof. Proper installation of the sheets is typically at an angle and therefore should eliminate any water buildup.

    Environmental

    This material is recyclable and sustainable. In addition, with global warming, it is also suitable for indoor use that it will not attract heat in the summer.

    Low Maintenance

    Compared to traditional roofing sheets, corrugated roofing sheets do not need much attention, except for a new coat of paint every once in a while.

    How to Manufacture Corrugated Roofing Sheets?

    Corrugated steel sheets are manufactured through a cold-form process. In this process, metal sheets are pressed flat and then going through roll forming. The corrugation process, or roll forming, is highly productive and cost effective. Also, the sheet can be produced to a desired length to meet the client’s needs. The corrugation process helps the steel sheet to be stronger.

    Camasteel sells corrugated roofing sheets in a coated coil with

    • Widths ranging from 600-1250mm
    • Thickness ranging from 0.12-2mm

    Which Countries Manufacture Corrugated Roofing Sheet?

    The main producers of corrugated roofing sheets are

    • China
    • United States
    • Canada
    • Japan
    • India
    • Korea
    • Germany
    • Italy

    Consumption of steel corrugated roofing sheets has increased across the world, especially in developing countries.

    How to transport Corrugated Roofing Sheets?

    It is necessary that the sheets are packaged and shipped carefully. They can be transported by bundle. A few conditions that can affect the mode of transportation include

    • Size of the bundle
    • Weight of the bundle
    • Distance traveled
    • Quantity of load

    Typically, they are transported by trailer or large flatbed truck to their destination or port.

    Corrugated Roofing Sheets, if exported, are usually transported by sea. A checking process occurs before the good is ready for export. In this process, a few things must be reviewed during packing and labeling. This may include breakage, security, weight, correct shipment and labels, and more. Export license is also typically required.

    Where to Buy Corrugated Roofing Sheet?

    You may be able to find corrugated roofing sheets in small quantities in your area. But if you want to buy large quantities of this product, it is preferable to import directly from the manufacturers. They can issue certifications and provide cost savings which is better than buying the steel in small quantities locally or from a distributor.

    If you require bulk quantities of this steel, you can buy corrugated roofing sheet on our website.

    Here at Camasteel we have corrugated roofing sheet for sale. We export worldwide, so you can contact us for a FREE quotation today via email [email protected] or send a message on WhatsApp for a fast response +86-131-2037-9271.

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